Pages

Wednesday, January 7, 2015

ROYAL ROOTS -- HEARD, JACKSON, LINDSEY, COX, HEWELL, AND HICKS FAMILIES

ROYAL ROOTS – And Other Interesting Relations
For Sarah and Denise as they Depart for London and Paris

            Thought that your visit to the Tower of London and the Royal Palaces would be a bit more interesting if you had some personal connection to people and events.  I’ve long been skeptical of genealogies that connect us ordinary folks to Royalty, but recently I’ve come to believe such connections may be possible.  First, our family DNA results support the paper trail we have used to trace our roots; and Second there are some new statistical studies that demonstrate that rich (well fed) people of the past produced more children who had children who had children, etc. than did the more numerous poor.   This is the British Island equivalent of the Genghis Khan effect in which geneticists discovered millions of the conqueror’s male descendants living around the globe.

 Part I -- DESCENT FROM THE TUDORS


HENRY TUDOR VIII and MARY KATHERINE BOLEYN – Your 11th and 12th  great grandparents.  Mary was Anne Boleyn’s older sister, and Henry’s mistress.  Their son Henry (called Cary) was the King’s son.  Henry arranged the marriage of Mary to Lord Cary, and the boy used the name of his step-father.  King Henry was exceedingly proud of his bastard son, who had looks, intelligence and courage.  He didn’t make Henry an heir, but gave him multiple titles, honors, and one of the richest heiresses in England as a wife.

           
 HENRY HUNSDON CARY (1526-1596)) and ANN MORGAN (1529-1543) – were the parents of John Hudson Carey (1556-1606).


            JOHN HUNSDON CARY, JR. (1577-1666) and MARY HYDE (1554-1627) – were the parents of John Richard Cary and Ann Carey.


            ANN CAREY (1600-1668) married ROGER DANIEL III (1600-1680) – They were the parents of JOHN DANIEL I who married ELIZABETH STREET, and immigrated to the Virginia Colony.

            JOHN DANIEL I (1626-1679) and ELIZABETH STREET – were the parents of Sarah Clare Daniel.  John was among the earliest settlers of the Isle of Wight in Virginia.

            SARAH CLARE DANIEL (1666-1724) and CALEB LINDSEY (1664-1717) were the parents of William Lindsey.

            WILLIAM LINDSEY (1695-1768) and JANE CHEW (1700-1784) were the parents of James William Lindsey, Sr.


            JAMES WILLIAM LINDSEY, SR. (1725-1799) and MARY CARLETON (1735-1837) were the parents of James, Jr.  He was born in Virginia but moved to Arkansas.


            JAMES WILLIAM LINDSEY, JR. (1762-1831) AND RACHEL BURKET  (1768-1831) were the parents of Burkett Lindsey.  Another of their sons, Elijah was the Father of the Methodist Church in Arkansas.


            BURKETT W. LINDSEY (1808-1894) and HARIET SERENE WILLIAMS (1814-1888) were the parents of Sarah Adeline Lindsey.  Their son Asbury Monroe Lindsey fought in the Civil War with John Thomas Heard.

Home of James Addison and Sarah Adeline Lindsey Heard in Dry Creek Louisiana -- Burned in the 1980's

            SARAH ADELINE LINDSEY (1840-1925) and JOHN THOMAS HEARD (1845-1912) were the parents of my grandfather, James Addison Heard.



            JAMES ADDISON HEARD (1870-1946) and CLORA FRANCES NOLEN (1880-1968), my grandparents were the parents of 12 children, including Myrtis Lee Heard.



            MYRTIS LEE HEARD (1912-1995) and WILMER HENRY “JACK” JACKSON, SR. (1909-1990), are my parents, the grandparents of my daughters, and the great grandparents of my grandchildren.  You can calculate the rest.

CONFIDENCE LEVEL – We are very confident of the Lindsey Genealogy back to the marriage of Sarah Clare Daniel to Caleb Lindsey, and Sarah Clare’s Father John Daniel I.  Whether John was the son of Ann Carey and Roger Daniel III is debatable, with a number of pieces of evidence supporting the connection.


Part II – DESCENT FROM THE WYATTS

            While visiting the Tower of London, ask about Thomas Wyatt (The Younger) who was beheaded there on April 11, 1554.  Thomas was a strong protestant, and led a revolt against the Catholic Queen Mary Tudor, in hopes of making her younger sister Elizabeth Tudor Queen.  Elizabeth declared herself loyal to her sister Mary, and Tom’s revolt failed and he was imprisoned and beheaded.  Tom’s father, Thomas Wyatt (the Elder) was imprisoned in the Tower along with Anne Boleyn during Henry III’s reign.  He was accused of being one of her lovers.  However, he was cleared and released.  Tom, Sr. was a close friend of Henry VIII.  Both men were avid poets, hunters, soldiers and lovers. We may well be doubly descended from Thomas Wyatt.  Our Heard (my Mother’s Family) and our Jackson (my Father’s Family) both trace Wyatt roots.



THOMAS WYATT, SR. (1503-1542) and ELIZABETH BROOKE (1503-1560) didn’t get along well, and only had three children, including Thomas, Jr. He was your 14th and 15th great grandfather.



            THOMAS WYATT, JR. (1521-1554) and JANE HAWTT (1522-1600) were the parents of nine sons and two daughters.  Their two youngest sons were George and Frances.  Both Elizabeth Brook and Jane Hawte were rich heiresses from high-ranking families with royal bloodlines.  The Wyatts were among the new rich created by the Tudors.  After Tom Jr. was beheaded, the family lost their lands and wealth and fell upon hard times.



            GEORGE WYATT (1550-1624) and JANE FINCH (1555-1644) had 8 children, including Haute Wyatt, named for his grandmother’s family.

            HAUTE WYATT (1594-1638) and his wife ANN COX (1607-1632) had two children.  With his second wife BARBARA ELIZABETH MITFORT (1598-1626), he had four, including his oldest son Edward (1619-1670) and a younger son George (1622-1671).  I will trace the Heard Family descent from Edward and then the Jackson Family descent from George.  Edward is your 11th and 12th great grandfather on the Heard Line, while George is your 12th and 13th great grandfather on your Jackson Line.

Wakefield Plantation Site of Early Wyatt Plantation in Virginia

            EDWARD WYATT (1619-1670) and JANE CONQUEST (1622-1698) had six children, including Conquest Wyatt.  Conquest Wyatt sought wealth in the American colonies, immigrating to Virginia where he established a plantation in Gloucester County.

            CONQUEST WYATT (1655-1720) and SALLIE PATE had nine children, including Francis Wyatt.

            FRANCIS WYATT (1680-1746) and ELIZABETH KENNON (1680-1725) had seven children, their eldest being William Wyatt, known as “the Mariner.”  William was a planter and a shipper in early Virginia.  William died on a voyage in Sulawesi, Tengah, Indonesia.

            WILLIAM WYATT (1701-1751) and ANN (1675-1718) had four children, including a daughter, Frances Wyatt. 

            FRANCES WYATT (1736-1767) and JOSEPH HEWELL, SR. (1728-1812) had five children, including William Wyatt Hewell.  William Wyatt fought in the Revolutionary War, and moved his family from Virginia to Georgia. Was also an ancestor of the wild west lawman Wyatt Earp.
The Gravesite of William Wyatt Hewell -- Revolutionary War Soldier

            WILLIAM WYATT HEWELL (1756-1842) and FRANCES JOUETT DAVENPORT (1763-1839) had seven children, including Jesse Wyatt Hewell.  Born in Virginia, Jesse Wyatt died in Georgia.

            JESSE WYATT HEWELL (1793-1852) and MARTHA PATSY BERRY (1795-1882) had 12 children.  We have letters Martha wrote to her daughter Mary Susan Hewell, after Mary Susan moved from Georgia to Dry Creek, Louisiana.

Heard Home in Dry Creek, Louisiana, Built by Mary Susan Hewell and Jesse Holloway Heard & enlarged by their son John Thomas Heard and his wife Sarah Adeline Lindsey

            MARY SUSAN HEWELL (1822-1903) and JESSE HOLLOWAY HEARD (1818-1890) had ten children.  Eight are buried in the Dry Creek Cemetery.  Their eldest son, John Thomas Heard inherited the farm in Dry Creek.  He fought in the Civil War, and surrendered after the siege of Vicksburg.  He returned and married the sister of his comrade -- Asbury Monroe Lindsey.

            JOHN THOMAS HEARD (1845-1912) and SARAH ADELINE LINDSEY (1840-1925) had nine children, including my grandfather, James Addison Heard.
Clora Frances Nolen when she was a student of her future husband James Addison Heard.
 JAMES ADDISON HEARD (1870-1946) and CLORA FRANCES NOLEN (1880-1968) had 12 children, including my mother Myrtis Lee Heard (and you know the rest).


CONFICENCE LEVELS --  We are very confident of the Family genealogy as far back as FRANCES WYATT HEWELL.  All of the Wyatt connections from Thomas to William are relatively sound.  The link between Frances Wyatt and William Wyatt is the weak one.  Our Kent relatives have letters and Bible records that support this connection, however, DNA evidence would be of great value.




OUR JACKSON, COX, AND WYATT CONNECTIONS -- In England and Virginia there was a connection between the Cox, Hicks, and Wyatt families that included several marriages.  The common ancestors of my mother and father are HAUTE WYATT (1594-1638) and his second wife BARBARA ELIZABETH MITFORT (note that Haute’s first wife was Ann Cox. I will trace the Jackson connection from them.
           
           HAUTE WYATT (1594-1638) and his first wife ANN COX (1607-1632) had two children.  With his second wife BARBARA ELIZABETH MITFORT (1598-1626), he had four, including his oldest son Edward (1619-1670) and a younger son George (1622-1671).  The descent from Thomas Wyatt to Haute Wyatt is the same for both lines and not repeated here.


         GEORGE WYATT (1622-1671) and his wife SUSANNAH R BAYNHAM (1623-1726) were the parents of Henry Wyatt, Sr.
Henry Wyatt, Sr. 's Gravestone

          HENRY WYATT, SR. (1647-1705) and his wife ALICE (1651-1780) were the parents of Henry Wyatt, Jr.

          HENRY WYATT, JR (1708-1780) and his wife MARY WYNNE (1708-1790) were the parents of Frances Wyatt.

          FRANCES WYATT (1719-1790) and her husband SAMUEL HICKS (1714-1741) had five children, including William Hicks.

          WILLIAM HICKS (1745- after 1826?) and his wife ELIZABETH HARRIS (1748-1853) were the parents of Jerimiah K Hicks.  The Hicks family was Quaker.


                JERIMIAH K HICKS (1781-1843) and his wife SUSAN ANN “SUCKEY” LIVERET (1785-1851) were the parents of 12 children, including Elizabeth Susan “Betsy” Hicks.


ELIZABETH SUSAN “BETSY” HICKS (1807-1870) and her husband THOMAS J. COX, JR. (1812-1868) were the parents of eight children, including Susan Jane Cox.  The Cox and Hicks families moved from North Carolina to Georgia and to Clarke County Alabama, and then to Winn Parish Louisiana.  Until the Revolutionary War, both families were Quakers.



SUSAN JANE COX (1834-1900) and her husband STEPHEN PUGH JACKSON (1821-1894) were both born in Clarke, Alabama, and married in Winn, Louisiana.  They had three children, including Isaac Thomas Jackson (who is my great grandfather).



ISAAC THOMAS JACKSON (1685-1932) and his wife MARTHA ARDELLA DEAN (1855-1912) were married in Winn Parish and moved to the farm in Red River Parish still owned by his descendants.  They were my great grandparents.  They had eight children, including John Seaborn “Sebe” Jackson.

JOHN SEABORN “SEBE” JACKSON (1881-1950) and his wife IDA BELLE ADAMS (1887-1908) lived in the house still standing on their farm, which is still owned and inhabited by their descendants.  Their children were Theo, Wilmer “Jack, Sr.” John Clinton “Clint,” Lorena, Cecile, Johnnie Marvin, Ida Ola “Iola,” and Sarah Elizabeth.  They were my grandparents.

Wilmer Henry "Jack" Jackson, Sr. when a student at Northwestern State University

WILMER HENRY “JACK” JACKSON, SR. (1909-1990) and his wife MYRTIS LEE HEARD (1912-1995) were the parents of WILMER HENRY “JACKY” JACKSON, JR. and FRANCES RUTH JACKSON.  You can finish the story.



CONFICENCE LEVELS – As with the Heard-Wyatt connection, the early and recent sections of the Jackson-Wyatt lines are accurate.  We know the Wyatt descent from Thomas to Haute is accurate; and we know the Jackson line from Frances Wyatt to our Red River Jacksons is well established.  The weak links are between Frances and Haute.  Probably only DNA will settle the question.




OTHER ROYAL ANCESTORS
            Since the Noble and Royal Families intermarried (ceaselessly), if you establish a firm link to one royal line, you will find multiple connections to other Royals.  From both the TUDORS, and the BOYLENS and the wives of the WYATTS (BROOKE, HAUTE, FINCH, and CONQUEST) we have multiple connections to the PLANTAGENET Kings, including WILLIAM THE CONQUOR.  Through the Plantagenet wives, we are connected to Royal FRENCH lines, specifically the CAPETS.  Finally, multiple lines attempt to connect to CHARLAMENGE, Emperor of the Franks, through his son PEPIN.   From the British Royals, PLANTAGENET, TUDORS, STUARTS,  and WINDSORS you can calculate relationships to modern British Royals. For example, we are distantly related to both Prince Charles and Princess Diana.


Isabell Capet -- The She Wolf

Edward I
Pepin Martel, King of Franks

HOPE YOU ENJOY this genealogical travel tour.  Don’t get overly excited about these connections.  Remember, if they came to the colonies, our ancestors were having some difficulties succeeding in the “Old Country.”  The whole purpose of pursuing family history is to make a stronger connection to the actual history of places and periods.  As you visit places in England, connect and enjoy all you will learn.  HAVE A GREAT TRIP.


William of Normandy & England
           



Friday, September 19, 2014

JAMES JACKSON, SR. -- PART IV, THE ANCESTORS OF JOHN SEABORN "SEBE" JACKSON



 JAMES JACKSON, Sr. (1686-1735)
QUAKER OF FLUSHING, LONG ISLAND

            Is there any married person who has not wondered (at least to themselves), “Where would I be?  What would I be? Who would I be? If I had married differently?”  Choosing a spouse is probably the single most momentous decision most of us make.  Certainly this was true for James Jackson, youngest son of Col. John Jackson.  His marriage to Rebecca Hallett altered his destiny, changed his religion, added to his wealth, and brought him FAMILY (to the max).  Together the couple created their own large family; but additionally, Rebecca brought James into the sphere of influence of her numerous, famous, charismatic, and controversial family.

The bride was 19 and the groom 23, when they were united in marriage in1694.  Over the next 25 years, Rebecca would give birth to 21 children. Remarkably, only one would die in infancy; 20 would live to be adults; and 17 would survive their parents (see summary chart of their children below).  In an era in which 60% of children died before their 16th birthday, Rebecca and James were well ahead of the odds.[i]  The survival rate of their children testifies to their parenting skills.  There is little doubt of the couple’s familial devotion. Above all, we can conclude that James Jackson, Sr. was truly a Family Man.

Observation and Inference – At this point, I offer an observation that spans seven generations of Jackson Men, so you can study the emerging pattern over the generations. James Jackson, Sr., like his father Col. John, and his son Benjamin, and Benjamin’s son down to the current generation of Jacksons, married the daughter of a rich, and/or prominent, and/or highly respected man.  While we do not have portraits or descriptions of many of the Jackson wives, the descriptions that exist, use the adjectives “fair,” “handsome,” and/or “comely”.   In short, it seems that Jackson men consistently married very well.  They courted and wed young women who were highly desirable.  Given their success in the marriage game, it is possible to infer that the Jackson men were handsome or charming or both.  I salute my Jackson nephews and cousins, who continue to prove the truth of this inference.

Rebecca Hallett’s Family[ii] (James’ In-laws) --

The Jackson’s of Hempstead, L.I. were a distinguished and respected family, but compared to Rebecca’s family, the Jackson’s were downright BORING.  Murder, insanity, scandal, and adultery are the highlights, but Indian raids, slave revolts, pirates, banishments, and ghosts add spice to Rebecca’s family history.  Her father, William Hallett, Jr. was a respectable citizen, but his mother, Elizabeth Fones Winthrop Feake Hallett was the most notorious woman in New England and New Netherlands.  Even after 400 years, her life and adventures arouse the imagination and are the basis for at least two novels and a made for TV movie.  (Missy Wolfe.  Insubordinate Spirit: A True Story of Life and Loss in Earliest America, 2012. And Anya Seton. The Winthrop Woman, 1958.  See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Fones and http://williamhallett.com/elizabeth-fones-winthrop-feake-hallett-b-1610/). 

Rebecca’s Aunts and Uncles included her grandmother, Elizabeth Fones’ children.  Elizabeth’s 8 children were Martha Johanna (Joan) Winthrop; Elizabeth, Hannah, John, Robert Jr., and Sarah Feake; and William Hallett, Jr. (Rebecca’s father) and Samuel Hallett, Sr.  Samuel Hallett had a daughter Elizabeth, who married John Jackson, Jr. (James’ older brother).  Thus, Rebecca Hallett Jackson and Elizabeth Hallett Jackson were cousins and sisters-in-law.

The scandals surrounding Elizabeth Fones Winthrop Hallett’s multiple marriages pale by comparison with the history of matricide in her grandmother Rebecca Cornell’s family.  In 1673, two years before Rebecca’s birth, her great uncle, Thomas Cornell, Jr., was executed for the murder of his Mother (Rebecca’s grandmother), Rebecca Briggs Cornell.  Of course, Thomas, Jr. may or may not have been guilty, since the primary witness against him was his Mother’s ghost.  The case was one of the earliest and most bizarre murders in the history of New England, and is chronicled by Elaine Forman Crane in Killed Strangely: The Death of Rebecca Cornell (2002).  In a twist of fate, the murderous son (Thomas, Jr.) would have a 4th great granddaughter, Elizabeth “Lizzie” Borden, who would be found not guilty of the ax murder of her father and stepmother. (See http://www.history.com/news/family-tradition-did-lizzie-bordens-ancestor-kill-his-mother-too-2 ).

The violence that haunted her family extended to Rebecca Hallett Jackson’s older brother, William Hallett, III.   Along with his wife and five children, William was the victim of a gruesome mass murder.  The ax-killings of her brother and his family took place in 1708.  William III owned two slaves, an Indian named Sam and his African wife. When the entire Hallett family was found chopped to pieces, suspicion fell on the slaves.  Sam’s wife was burned at the stake, and Sam was mounted on a large, sharp blade or spike, and literally cut himself to death.  The atrocity of the murder was matched by the brutality of the executions. (See The Encyclopedia of Slave Resistance and Rebellion, Vol. 1 edited by Junius P. Rodriguez (2007) or the website --    http://www.executedtoday.com/2013/02/02/1708-indian-sam-william-hallet-slavery-new-york/ )

The colorful and fascinating saga of Rebecca’s ancestors is too long to include in a report, focused on her husband.  Therefore, we are devoting a separate chapter to recounting the stories briefly mentioned here.  In this report, we include events directly related to the Flushing Quaker Meeting where the James Jackson Family worshiped for at least 30 years. (see http://www.nyym.org/flushing/history.html; and http://longislandgenealogy.com/Quaker3.pdf)


James and Rebecca Hallett Jackson and the Religious Society of Friends

Given their history, you will probably be surprised to learn that the Halletts and their kin were mostly Quakers.  The peace-loving Religious Society of Friends does not seem a natural match, but the Hallett kin were involved from the earliest Quaker activity on Long Island. 

The Dutch proprietors of West India Company were practical people who granted greater religions freedom than any other colony in North America.  Only Rhode Island demonstrated similar tolerance for religious diversity.  Indeed, The religious tolerance of the Dutch (described in detail by Russell Shorto in The Island at the Center of the World: The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan and the Forgotten Colony That Shaped America, 2005) drew many religious dissenters.  It is not surprising then that Richard Smith, the first known Quaker in the United States, lived in Southampton, Long Island, before 1656.  

However, Gov. Peter Stuyvesant took deep offense when several Quakers arrived in New Amsterdam, and began preaching and exhorting in the streets.  He was particularly appalled because several of the preachers were women.  He arrested the group, and although they were eventually released, he issued and edict forbidding anyone in the Dutch Colony to entertain a Quaker or allow a Quaker meeting to be held in his house, under penalty of a fifty pound fine. 

 In 1657, Henry Townsend, a highly respected colonist in Flushing, held a Quaker meeting in his home and was fined and banished.  The Townsend family was closely connected with the Jackson, Hallett, and Feake families. Two of James and Rebecca's children would marry Townsend's. 

The unfair treatment of Henry Townsend hit close to home for William Hallett, Sr.  (Rebecca’s grandfather) who had previously been banished by Stuyvesant for entertaining an Episcopal minister in his home.  He backed the protest that followed Townsend’s sentencing.

The citizens of Flushing, Quaker and non-Quaker, joined together to protest Gov. Stuyvesant’s actions.  They drew up a document, which has been widely praised as the first demand for religious freedom in America.  Their complaint is called the Flushing Remonstrance, and remains an eloquent statement in support of religious tolerance.  An exemplary phrase in the preamble illustrates the tone of the document:
“Wee desire therefore in this case not to judge least we be judged, neither to condemn least we be condemned, but rather let every man stand or fall to his own Master. Wee are bounde by the law to do good unto all men, especially to those of the household of faith.. . . . whether Presbyterian, Independent, Baptist, or Quakers.”

The 28 signers included three families closely aligned with the Jackson/Hallett families – the Townsends, Fields, and Thornes.  James’s children, Thomas, Mary, Elizabeth, and James, Jr. would marry into these families.  The Schout (Sheriff) of Flushing, who joined the protest, was Tobias Feake (a cousin of William Hallett, Jr.).  Tobias was jailed by the governor for his role, and only released after making an abject apology.  Stuyvesant then dismissed the Flushing Town government and replaced it with his own appointees.

Rather than quenching the Quaker fire, the governor’s action seems to have added fuel.  Many of the signers of the Remonstrance became Quakers.  Hannah Feake (Rebecca Hallett Jackson’s Aunt) was one convert.  Hannah married John Bowne, and in 1661, the couple built a house, which still stands on Bowne St.  Their home became the meeting place for the Flushing Quakers.  Stuyvesant soon learned of this violation of his edict, and in 1662, John Bowne was arrested, imprisoned, tried and fined.  A stubborn man, John refused to pay the fine, or to escape, even when the prison door was deliberately left unlocked.  The governor was finally forced to banish Bowne from the Colony.  John, the ultimate stubborn man, made his way to Holland where he appealed his case before the Dutch West India Company.  In 1663, the Company ruled in Bowne’s favor, and sent a letter establishing religious liberty in New Netherlands, stating: “The consciences of men at least ought ever to remain free and unshackled.” 

This freedom was short-lived because in 1664, the English seized the Dutch Colony.  They imposed fines and penalties on the Quakers, but did not forbid their worship.  The Flushing Quakers continued to hold meetings in the Bowne house.  In 1672, George Fox, the founder of the Quaker movement. came to America, and visited the Bowne House.  Fox preached under a stand of oaks near the Bowne home.  The oaks are gone, but the house stands, and the site of his sermon is marked with a memorial stone.

A meetinghouse was constructed, and in 1694, the first recorded assembly was held in the new building.  The Historic Quaker Meeting House of Flushing opened the same year Rebecca Hallett married James Jackson, Sr. It is not known whether the simple marriage ceremony took place in the new church, in the Bowne house, or in the Hallett home but James became a Quaker at the time of his marriage.  The births of their children and their marriages are duly recorded in the records of the Flushing Yearly Meeting. (http://longislandgenealogy.com/Quaker3.pdf)

The Family of James and Rebecca Hallett Jackson

As noted, James and Rebecca had 21 children, 10 boys and 11 girls.  The youngest girl Abigail (b 1718) died young, while the remaining 10 boys and 10 girls attained adult status.  Of the 20 survivors 19 are known to have married, and all of these are believed to have left children.  Fourteen of the 20 lived and died on Long Island.  Three (James, Jr., Joseph, and Phoebe) moved to nearby New Jersey; and three (John, Stephen, and Benjamin) moved south to the Carolinas. Two, Joseph and Benjamin, were congregants of an established church (Episcopal or Presbyterian).   Records indicate that at least 12 married Quakers or worshiped with the Society of Friends for part of their lives.

Notes on the Tables:  Six of the children are shown as dying after 1735.  The exact dates of their deaths are not known, but they were alive at the time of James’ death in 1735.  Some genealogies show them all as dying in 1735, as though there was some massive plague. 

Many records are in error with regard to Mary Jackson’s marriage and death dates.  Her first husband, Jacob Willets died in 1722, and this is often given as Mary’s death date.  Mary was very much alive after 1722.  She married Nathaniel Townsend in 1724, and their 3 sons were born in 1725, 1727, and 1729.  We do not know the exact date of her death, but she was deceased when her father died in 1735, because he left her share of his legacy to her three Townsend sons. 

Three pairs of the Jackson children married siblings.  Mary Jackson and her brother Thomas married Nathaniel Townsend his sister Mary.   The Townsend siblings were the children of James and Audrey Almy Townsend.

James Jr. and his sister Phoebe married Mary and Edward FitzRandolph.  The name is given variously as Fitz Randolph, FitzRandolph, Randolph, and Randle.  They are the children of Edward and Katherine Hartshorne FitzRandolph.

 It is probable that the Jackson twins, Jemina and Jeremiah also married siblings.  Jemina married Henry Hicks.  We do not know the first name of Jeremiah’s wife, but her surname is given as Hicks.  Henry’s parents were Col. Isaac and Elizabeth Moore Hicks.  Isaac was a close friend and neighbor of James Jackson, and the two men often worked together.



TABLE 1
The Jackson Children Summary Chart

#
Name
DOB
DOD
Age
Place
1
Thomas
1694
1730
35
Oyster Bay, Queens, NY
2
Mary
1696
Between 1729
&1734
21
Flushing, Queens, NY
3
Sarah
1697
After 1735[iii]
??
Long Island City, Queens, NY
4
Rebecca
1699
1730
31
Long Island City, Queens, NY
5
John[iv]
1701
1772
71
Anson, North Carolina
6
Charity
1702
After 1735
??
Long Island City, Queens, NY
7
Elizabeth
1703
1771
68
Long Island City, Queens, NY
8
James, Jr.
1704
1750
46
Woodbridge Middlesex, New Jersey
9
Hannah
1706
After 1735
??
Long Island City, Queens, NY
10
Martha
1707
After 1735
??

11
William
1707
1795
87
Hampstead, Queens, NY
12
Joseph[v]
1710
1769
59
Rockaway, Morris, New Jersey
13
Richard
1711
1739
28
Jerusalem, Queens, NY
14
Phoebe
1712
1777
65
Plainfield, Essex, New Jersey
15
Robert
1713
After 1760
??
Long Island City, Queens, NY
16
Jemima[vi]
1714
After 1735
??
Long Island City, Queens, NY
17
Jeremiah[vii]
1714
1804
90
Long Island City, Queens ,NY
17
Samuel
1716
After 1735
??
Long Island City, Queens, NY
19
Stephen
1717
1800
82
Chesterfield, Craven, South Carolina
20
Abigail
1718
Died Young
??
Queens, NY
21
Benjamin
1719
1805
86
Mt. Croghan, Chesterfield, South Carolina


TABLE 2
The Jackson Children’s Spouses and Religious Affiliation

#
Name
DOB
DOD
Age
Spouse(s)
Religion[1]
1
Thomas
1694
1730
35
Mary Townsend
Quaker
2
Mary
1696
Between 1729
& 1734
21-26
Jacob Willets
Nathaniel Townsend
Quaker
3
Sarah
1697
After 1735[1]
??
Samuel Clements
Unknown
4
Rebecca
1699
1730
31
Sylvanus Seaman
Quaker
5
John[1]
1701
1772
71
Sarah Doty
Probably Quaker
6
Charity
1702
After 1735
??
John Dingey
Unknown
7
Elizabeth
1703
1771
68
Nathaniel Field
Quaker
8
James, Jr.
1704
1750
46
Mary FitzRandolph
Sarah Thorne
Quaker
9
Hannah
1706
After 1735
??
John Claude Hewett
Quaker
10
Martha
1707
After 1735
??
William Green _
Quaker
11
William
1707
1795
87
Prudence Smith
Unknown
12
Joseph[1]
1710
1769
59
Margaret Burgess
Ann Unknown
Mary Ann Robinson
Presbyterian
Or Episcopal
13
Richard
1711
1739
28

Unknown
14
Phoebe
1712
1777
65
Edward Fitz Randolph
Quaker
15
Robert
1713
After 1760
??
Joanna Unknown
Unknown
16
Jemima[1]
1714
After 1735
??
Henry Hicks
Quaker
17
Jeremiah[1]
1714
1804
90
Unknown Hicks
Quaker
17
Samuel
1716
After 1735
??
Sarah Carpenter
Quaker
19
Stephen
1717
1800
82
Mary Lewis
Unknown
20
Abigail
1718
Died Young
??


21
Benjamin
1719
1805
86
Mary Lively Rushing
Amanda “Amy” Powell
Episcopal or
Presbyterian


James the Miller – In addition to farming, James was a miller.  In 1708 he opened a mill on the Jerusalem River, and operated it for the remainder of his life.  Col. John Jackson obtained the license for the mill when James was only 3 years old (1678), and eventually passed the permit to James.  Today the ruins of his mill and millpond are part of Mill Park in Wantagh.  I was under the impression that the mill was a “gristmill,” because this is stated in one description of the park.  However, a Rootsweb file describes James’ mill as a “fulling mill.”  The distinction is important.  A gristmill grinds various types of grain, creating flour or meal.  In contrast, a fulling mill cleans and compacts cloth, using water.  In either case, the mill was a major occupation and source of income for James.

Rebecca’s Death -- All of James and Rebecca’s 21 children were born between 1694 and 1719.  Elizabeth was 20 when her first child (Thomas) was born, and 44 when her last (Benjamin) entered this world.  She died ten years later at the age of 54.  Records indicate that Thomas and his mother died on the same day, April 12, 1730.  Thomas was only 35, and no explanation is given for either death.  

James’s Remarriage -- James was 59 when his wife and eldest son died.  He remarried only 52 days after Rebecca’s death.  His second wife was named Abigail; her surname is unknown.  Some records suggest that the motivation for his hasty remarriage was the need for a mother for his children.  This is possible since he had 10 children between the ages of 10 and 18 years.

Banished Quaker – After Rebecca’s death, the Flushing Quaker Meeting censored James.  Two reasons are cited – (1) his unseemly marriage, too soon after the death of his wife, and (2) attending the wedding of his daughter to a non-Quaker.   We don't know if  James ever regained his status within the Religious Society of Friends. 

Impartial Arbiter – On Oct. 31, 1733, James embarked on the most significant civic service of his life.  Along with his neighbor Isaac Hicks, James was invited by the government of Rhode Island to be an impartial arbiter in a boundary dispute between the Rhode Island and Massachusetts Colonies.   Jackson and Hicks apparently did an exemplary job of resolving the dispute.  The Rhode Island Colony voted to reward each with a silver tankard valued at 50 pounds and engraved with the Arms of the Colony.

James Jackson, Sr. ‘s Death and Will

            James died at the age of 64, on Oct. 15, 1735.  According to several records, he died on Cows’ Neck (today’s Port Washington) on the north shore of Long Island.  This locale has great meaning for my family because we have special ties to Port Washington.  We lived there for seven years; our daughters were educated in the Port Washington schools; and our younger daughter met her future husband there. 

              James is buried in Rocky Hill Cemetery in Flushing.

            Comments on the Contents of His Will – In his will, James disposes of his property in a manner that differs dramatically from the wills of all of the other Jackson’s in our line.  He orders that his real property (land and buildings) be sold, and the cash receipts be dispersed to his heirs.  This is atypical behavior for Jacksons, who tend to hold tightly to real property.  On the other hand, few people have as many heirs, and perhaps this was the only way James could envision an equal distribution.
           
            The will demonstrates that James was a wealthy man, but the number of his heirs diluted the value of each share.  The cash provision for Abigail, his wife of four years is especially generous, i.e. 250 pounds and a slave.  However, James frugally reserves the residual of this bequest to be divided among his children after Abigail’s death.  He divides his estate and belongings among his many children, and takes care to make bequests to the orphaned children of his deceased son and daughter.

            At the time of his death, James’ two youngest sons, Stephen and Benjamin were only 18 and 16 respectively, and James makes special provision for them, leaving them 70 pounds each as compared with the 50 pounds bequeathed to each of their older brothers.

            This Version of the Will -- The following version of the Will of James Jackson is taken from the site owned by Janie Jackson Kimble -- http://www.jacksonfamilygenealogy.com/pages/WillJamesJackson.htm

Specifically, this version is from the Image found on LDS film 874521, Record of Wills, Vol. 12, Surrogates Court, New York County, New York
Pages 336-340 (old Liber 362-?).   

James Jackson's Will was first posted as a transcription copied from Oscar Burton Robbins' book "History of the Jackson Family of Hempstead, Long Island, N.Y., Ohio and Indiana - Descendants of Robert and Agnes Washburn Jackson".  

In November, 2009, Linn Baiker contributed an image of the actual Will which has minor differences in wording plus major difference in naming the Executors.  A benefit of seeing the actual copy is also learning the actual spelling of James' daughter Charity was not Denzey, Dengey or Dingee.  James spelled it Dingey.  This actual image also includes three witnesses of the will and the proving of the will on October 21, 1735, which the earlier version did not include. 

Will of James Jackson -- 1670 - 1735
In the name of God, Amen.   I, James Jackson of Flushing, in Queens County within the Province of New York, Yeoman, being sick and weak, but of sound and perfect mind and memory, praise be therefore given to Almighty God, do make &s ordain this my present last Will and Testament, in manner and form following, (that is to say) first and principally I commend my soul unto the hands of Almighty God, hoping through the merrits of my Saviour, Jesus Christ, to have full pardon and forgiveness of all my sins, and to inherit everlasting life, and my body I committ to the Earth, to be decently buried at the discretion of my Executors hereafter named, and as touching the disposition of all such temporal estate as it hath pleased God to bestow upon me, I give and dispose thereof as follows.   First,-I will and order that all the debts which I do owe unto any person or persons and my funeral charges shall be well and truly satisfied and paid.

        Item.         I give and bequeath unto my well beloved wife, Abigail, the sum of two hundred and fifty pounds lawful money of New York, to be paid by my Executors hereafter named at some reasonable time after my decease, the same being for her subsistance and support during her life, and also a negroe girl slave called Sylvia, and after the decease of my said wife I will and bequeath one hundred pounds of the afore reciped money unto my sons William, Joseph, Richard, Robert, Samuel, Stephen, Benjamin, Thomas, James and John, to be equally divided amongst them share and share alike, and to their heirs and assigns for ever and the aforesaid negroe girl slave called Sylvia, I give unto my daughters, Rebecca Seamans, Charity Dingey, Elizabeth Fields, Hannah Hicks, Martha Jackson, Phebe Randal, & Jemimah Hicks, to be equally divided after being sold, between them share and share alike, and to their heirs and assigns for ever.

        Item.         My will is, and I do order that all and singular my lands, messuages and tenements wheresoever the same may be found, shall be sold to the best advantage after my decease by my Executors hereafter named at their discretion, and the monies arising from such sale shall be applied shall be applyed (sic) and paid in manner and form following, that is to say, the before mentioned bequeathed two hundred and fifty pounds unto my said wife, Abigail, for the uses aforesaid.

        Item.         I give and bequeath unto Jacob - Steven, and John Townsend, the sons of Nathaniel Townsend, to each of them the sum of fifteen pounds, New York money, and to their heirs and assigns forever.   And the sum of one hundred and fifty five pounds, I give and bequeath unto my daughters Sarah, Rebecca, Charity, Elizabeth, Hannah, Martha, Phebe and Jemimah, aforesaid to be equally divided between them and to their heirs and assigns forever.  I also further give and bequeath unto my said daughters and to their heirs and assigns forever, all and singular my movables, of what kind or nature soever they be, or wheresoever to be found to be equally shared and divided between them, but it is the true intent and meaning hereof, that before such division thereof be made, my daughter, Sarah Clements to whom I have formerly given a negroe woman, shall have the sum of sixty pounds short what the rest of my said daughters have, and that before such division my daughter Martha shall have my negro girl called Nanny to her and her heirs and assigns forever.

        Item.         I do will and ordain that the residue and remaining part of the moneys which shall arise from the sale of my messuages, lands and tenements aforesaid shall be applyed as follows, that is to say, I give and bequeath unto my sons Joseph, Richard, Robert and Samuel and to their heirs and assigns forever each the sum of fifty pounds New York money, and unto Stephen and Benjamin and their heirs and assigns, each the sum of seventy pounds, and what moneys there shall be then remaining shall be equally divided share and share alike unto all my said male children, that is to say, William, Joseph, Richard, Robert, Samuel, Stephen, Benjamin, Thomas, James and John, and to their heirs and assigns forever, and my son James, for whom I am counter security to James Burling for one hundred pound bond, and having paid the interest therof several years, which said bond and the money therein due with the interest if paid at any time and discharged by my Executors, and thereby acquitting my said son James from paying the same.  The said James shall have then have so much short of his share in the division, with the rest of my said sons.  And I do hereby revoke, disannull and make void all former Wills and Testaments by me at any time made, and do also hereby  nominate and appoint Richard Jackson, Samuel Jackson and Henry Hicks to be the Executors of this my last Will and Testament.  In testimony whereof I the said James Jackson have hereunto set my hand and seal the twenty seventh day of September in the year of our Lord seventeen hundred and thirty five.

                                                                                                        (Signed) James Jackson L. S. 
Signed, Sealed, Published, Pronounced and Declared by the said James Jackson as his Last Will and Testament (severall razours being first herein made) in presence of Gabriel Luff, John Doughty, William Mott.
Probate to James Jacksons Will
William Cosby, Captain Generall and Governour in Chief of the Provinces of New York, New Jersey and the territories thereon Depending in America Vice Admiral of the same and Collonel in his Majesties Army ve.  To all to whom these presents shall come or may concern Greeting:  Know Ye that at New York the twenty first day of October Instant before Fredrick Morris being thereunto delegated and appointed the Last Will and Testament of James Jackson was proved and now approved and allowed of by me having while he lived and at the time of his Death Goods Rights & Creditts in Divers places within this Province by means whereof the full Disposition of all and singular the Goods Rights and Creditts of the said Deceased and the Granting Administration of them as also the hearing of account calculation or Reckoning and the final Discharge and Dismission from the same unto me solely and not unto any other Inferior Judge are manifestly known to belong and the Administration of all & singular the Goods Rights and Creditts of the said Deceased and his Last Will & Testament in any manner of way concerning was Granted unto Richard Jackson and Henry Hicks, two of the Executors in the said Will named (Power being reserved to Samuel Jackson) Chiefly of well and truly Administring the same and of making a true & Perfect Inventory of all and singular the Goods Rights and Creditts of the said Deceased and exhibiting the same into the Registry of the Prerogative Court in the Secretarys Office for the Province of New York and that at or before the twenty first day of April ????  ???? suing & of Reckoning when thereunto requires.  In Testimony whereof I have caused the perogative Seal of the said Province of New York to be hereunto affixed this twenty-first day of October 1735.


[i] Demographers estimate that during this era, 1% of newborns died on the first day of life; while 5% would die by the end of the first week; and an additional 3-4% would die in the first month.  A total of 12-13% would die within the first year.  36% would die before the age of 6; and another 24% between the ages of 7 and 16 (yielding a total of 60%) before age 16 (childhood mortality).
[ii] Descendants of William Hallett, Sr. (Rebecca Hallett Jackson’s grandfather) include Bill Gates  (http://www.wargs.com/other/gates.html) and John Kerry. (http://www.wargs.com/political/kerry.html )
[iii] For 6 children we do not have a date of death, but we know they were alive when their father died in 1735
[iv] Participated in Regulator Movement in Alamance
[v] Joseph was a General in the French & Indian War, and five of his sons served in that War
[vi] Twin
[vii] Twin